Dark Kingdom Minerals...

(Actually Beryl, Jadeite, Kunzite, Malachite, Nephrite & Zoisite)

This page was last modified: 2006/03/23


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As I love to collect gem stones and minerals, I decided to enlighten you a bit about the properties of certain minerals which were used to name some infamous denizens of the Dark Kingdom.

The photos show stones from my collection of healing stones. If you would like to see more pictures of my stones and minerals, please feel free to visit my page Steine und Kristalle (Language: German).

Disclaimer: If you wish to use gem stones to heal certain diseases you should never forget to consult a medical doctor first! Some illnesses are best left in the capable hands of schooled physicians. Gem stones may aid the healing process, though.


Below you see the table of contents:


Beryl

Other names: Beryll, Edelberyll (German)

Chemical structure: Al2Be3[Si6O18]

Physical properties:
Lustre: vitreous;
Transparency: transparent to translucent, when full of inclusions it can even become opaque;
Hardness: 7.5-8;
Cleavage: indistinct, basal;
Fracture: conchoidal to uneven, brittle;
Specific gravity: 2.60-2.75;
Crystal system: hexagonal.

Colour and varieties: Beryl is normally a translucent white stone (the colorless gem variety is called goshenite), though it also comes in coloured gem stone varieties such as gold beryl (golden yellow), heliodor (yellowish green), morganite or worobjewite (rose coloured to violet beryl), aquamarine (blue beryl, contains iron), maxaxite (deep blue, contains iron) and emerald (green), red (bixbite, no official variety).

Streak: White.

Some general info: Beryl is actually a collective name for a couple of gem stones consisting of beryllium aluminium silicate.

History and Mythology: Cleopatra was very fond of the emerald variety, and there were lots of emerald mines in Ancient Egypt (from 1650 BC on). The Greeks tried to aid the failing eyesight with the stone. The German word Brille (= spectacles) is directly derived from the old Greek name beryllos. Jews considered white beryl a magickal stone which strengthens the belief in God. Aquamarine is known as the stone of clairvoyants and mystics. Beryl was used to make magickal mirrors to predict the future.

Physical healing properties: Aquamarine - eye problems, liver and kidney diseases, skin problems; Beryl - belly aches, liver and intestine problems, dry skin, influenza and sore throat.

Psychological healing properties: Beryl helps against hot temper and arguments. It also helps to think clearly. It is used as protection against homesickness on travels. Aquamarine spreads peace and calm and facilitates concentration and meditation. It also helps against fears and depression.

Chakra: White beryl - opener of the chakras; Emerald - heart chakra (green colour vibration); Aquamarine - throat chakra (blue colour vibration).

Astrological connection: Beryl - Libra (23 September - 22 October); Heliodor - second part of Leo (6 - 21 August); Emerald - first part of Taurus (19 April - 2 May).

Planets: Beryl - Venus; Heliodor - Sun; Emerald - Venus; Aquamarine - Mercury/Uranus.

Day: Heliodor - Friday.

[Pic of Gold Beryl (the mineral)] [Pic of Yellow Beryl (the mineral)]
[Pic of Goshenite / White Beryl (the mineral)] [Pic of Goshenite-Aquamarine / White-Blue Beryl (the mineral)]
[Pic of Emerald / Green Beryl (the mineral)] [Pic of Aquamarine / Blue Beryl (the mineral)] [Pic of Aquamarine / Blue Beryl (the mineral)]

Jadeite

Other names: Jade, Jadeit (German)

Chemical structure: NaAlSi2O6

Physical properties:
Lustre: vitreous;
Transparency: translucent to opaque;
Hardness: 6.5-7;
Cleavage: prismatic good, sometimes basal parting possible;
Fracture: uneven;
Specific gravity: 3.2-3.3;
Crystal system: monoclinic.

Colour and varieties: All shades of green (contains chromium), black, brown, lavender (contains manganese), rose coloured (contains manganese), red, orange brown, yellow, white.

Streak: White.

Some general info: Jadeite belongs to the family of clinopyroxenes (silicates of a rather complicated structure) which widely vary in composition.

History and Mythology: Jade is known from 5000 BC on where it was called the 'best of all gem stones'. The Chinese where especially fond of jade. In Ancient Egypt it was called the stone of love, inner peace and harmony. Even now jadeite is known as a dream stone which helps to understand dreams. Jadeite is a symbol of purity, courage, justice, mercy and wisdom. Black jadeite is connected with the devil Lucifer and thus called devil's stone. It's used for black magick and as emitter for evil thoughts and curses.

Physical healing properties: Kidney problems, helps pregnant women, cleans the blood, strengthens the immune system.

Psychological healing properties: Spreads calm and helps to meditate. As a stone of love it gives more contentment and strengthens the personality.

Chakra: Heart chakra (green colour vibration); the other varieties can be used on all the other chakras, too.

Astrological connection: Second part of Taurus (3 - 19 May), second part of Libra (7 - 22 October); Libra (24 September - 22 October).

Planet: Venus.

Day: Friday.

[Pic of Yellow Jadeite (the mineral)] [Pic of Green Jadeite (the mineral)]

Kunzite

Other names: Actually kunzite is the rose to rose violet coloured gem stone variety of spodumene. German name: Kunzit.

Chemical structure: LiAlSi2O6

Physical properties:
Lustre: vitreous;
Transparency: translucent to opaque;
Hardness: 6.5-7;
Cleavage: prismatic good, sometimes basal parting possible;
Fracture: uneven;
Specific gravity: 3.1-3.2;
Crystal system: monoclinic.

Colour and varieties: Kunzite (rose coloured, rose violet, dark violet because of manganese); hiddenite (green, contains chromium), 'normal' spodumene (colourless, white, grey, brown, yellow).

Streak: White.

Some general info: Spodumene (and therefore kunzite) belongs to the family of clinopyroxenes (silicates of a rather complicated structure) which widely vary in composition.

History and Mythology: Kunzite was discovered around 1900 in the U.S. and named for the famous U.S. mineralogist Dr.George Frederick Kunz. The name pyroxene stems from the Greek language and means 'protection against fire'. It was considered a stone that connects sky and earth and was used as a lightning rod for divine energies.

Physical healing properties: Strengthens the heart and blood circuit, helps against alcoholism and epilepsy.

Psychological healing properties: Strengthens the ability to love, gives endurance and persistence. It shows inner blocks and helps to loosen them with discipline and perseverance. Kunzite helps to develop logical thought and intelligence.

Chakra: Heart chakra (rose colour vibration); the violet stone is best used on the forehead chakra (violet colour vibration).

Astrological connection: Second part of Pisces (5 - 19 March).

Planet: Jupiter.

Day: Thursday.

[Pic of Kunzite (the mineral)] [Pic of Kunzite (the mineral)]

Malachite

Other names: Satin ore; Malachit (German).

Chemical structure: Cu2[CO3|(OH)2]

Physical properties:
Lustre: adamantine (crystals), silky to dull (fibrous aggregates);
Transparency: translucent;
Hardness: 3.5-4;
Cleavage: perfect;
Fracture: uneven or subconchoidal;
Specific gravity: 4.0;
Crystal system: monoclinic.

Colour and varieties: Bright green to black green.

Streak: Green.

Some general info: Malachite consists of layers of copper ores. Often it is found paired with azurite.

History and Mythology: Malachite is one of the oldest known healing stones. It's mentioned from 3000 BC on. Women in Ancient Egypt used malachite as eye shadow. It is said that persons bearing a malachite can understand the language of animals. In Russia it was also said that malachite makes the bearer invisible.

Physical healing properties: Malachite helps against asthma, lung diseases, epilepsy, cramps, poisoning, tooth aches.

Psychological healing properties: Strengthens creativity, helps to solve problems.

Chakra: Heart chakra (green colour vibration), can be used on other chakras as well, though.

Astrological connection: First part of Taurus (19 April - 2 May); Capricorn (22 December - 20 January).

Planet: Saturn.

Day: Wednesday.

[Pic of Malachite (the mineral)] [Pic of Malachite (the mineral)] [Pic of Malachite (the mineral)]

Nephrite

Other names: Greenstone, Jade, Nephrit (German).

Chemical structure: Ca2(Mg,Fe)5[(OH,F)|Si4O11]2

Physical properties:
Lustre: vitreous;
Transparency: transparent to translucent;
Hardness: 5.5-6;
Cleavage: prismatic, good;
Fracture: uneven;
Specific gravity: 2.9-3.3;
Crystal system: monoclinic.

Colour and varieties: Dark green, black green, grey, white.

Streak: Greenish.

Some general info: Nephrite belongs to the tremolite-actinolite series of amphiboles. It's the gem stone variety of the iron-containing actinolite and used as the common form of jade. Sometimes a variety of anthophyllite is called nephrite as well.

History and Mythology: Nephrite is known for as long as jadeite is. In the native cultures of Middle America nephrite was a sought after protection stone which was said to make the bearer invulnerable. In ancient China heart-shaped amulettes of nephrite were used to protect the bearer against false love and love magick. The Greek treasured its healing qualities, and the name nephrite stems from the label 'lapis nephriticus' or kidney stone.

Physical healing properties: Nephrite is a stone that protects kidneys and heart. It also helps against problems with the bladder. Pregnant women should wear a nephrite as it protects from cramps and other problems.

Psychological healing properties: Helps against love magick and false friends. It protects from nightmares and helps to become more creative.

Chakra: Heart chakra (green colour vibration); it can be used on the other chakras, too, though.

Astrological connection: Second part of Aquarius (4 - 18 February).

Planet: Saturn.

Day: Saturday.

[Pic of Nephrite (the mineral)]

Zoisite

Other names: Zoisit (German).

Chemical structure: Ca2Al3[O|OH|SiO4|Si2O7]

Physical properties:
Lustre: vitreous, pearly on cleavage surfaces;
Transparency: transparent to translucent;
Hardness: 6-6.5;
Cleavage: one perfect cleavage;
Fracture: uneven;
Specific gravity: 3.15-3.36;
Crystal system: orthorhombic.

Colour and varieties: Grey to white, yellow, brown; anyolite (green); thulite (pink, contains manganese) and tanzanite (transparent, blueish-violet, contains strontium).

Streak: White.

Some general info: Zoisite belongs to the epidote group of minerals.

History and Mythology: Before the year 1967 zoisite was of no special interest. Then in this year a blue gem stone - tanzanite - was discovered in the vicinity of the Kilimanjaro by Manuel d'Souza which became the 'blue treasure of Africa'. One can say that the blue zoisite variety is the youngest of the gem stones. Zoisite itself was named after the mineral collector Baron von Zois.

Physical healing properties: Protects the sexual organs of men and women, heightens fertility. It protects the seed and babies just as the mother in pregnancy. Furthermore, zoisite is a protection stone for heart and blood circuit.

Psychological healing properties: Zoisite helps against insolence and wantonness and prevents thoughtless deeds. It harmonizes sexual lust and erotic feelings of the partners.

Chakra: Heart chakra (green colour vibration).

Astrological connection: Tanzanite - second part of Capricorn (7 - 19 January).

Planet: Tanzanite - Uranus.

Day: Tanzanite - Saturday.

[Pic of Zoisite (the mineral)] [Pic of Tanzanite / Blue Zoisite (the mineral)]
[Pic of Thulite / Red Zoisite (the mineral)]

Literature

Das große Lexikon der Heilsteine, Düfte und Kräuter, Methusalem Verlags-Gesellschaft mbH, 1994

Das kleine Lexikon der Edelsteine, Laura Lorenzo, Taoasis Verlag, 1994

Der Kosmos-Mineralienführer, J.Bauer/F.Tvrz, Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, 1972

Die Heilsteine-Hausapotheke, Michael Gienger, Neue Erde Verlag, 2004

Die Steinheilkunde, Michael Gienger, Neue Erde Verlag, 2005

Die verborgene Kraft der Kristalle und der Edelsteine, Magda Palmer, Heyne-Verlag, 1988

Field Guide to the Rocks and Minerals of the World, David Cook & Wendy Kirk; Kingfisher Books, 1991

GU Naturführer Mineralien und Kristalle, Rupert Hochleitner, Gräfe und Unzer GmbH, 1986

Heilsteine - 430 Steine von A-Z, Michael Gienger, Neue Erde Verlag, 2003

Hl.Hildegard: Atlas der Edelsteine und Metalle, Reinhard Schiller, Pattloch Verlag, 1993

Illustriertes Lexikon der Steine & Mineralien, Jiri Kourimsky, Karl Müller Verlag, 1995

Lexikon der Heilsteine, Michael Gienger, Neue Erde Verlag, 1997

Mineralien aus aller Welt, Walter Schumann, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 1990


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